Monday, 23 January 2017

Mineral Resources of India (Geography)

Mineral Resources of India

Mineral Resources of India (Geography)

India possesses huge mineral wealth but it is not much exploited. Coal, gold, mica, building materials, salt, petroleum, manganese ore, iron ore, copper ore and ilmenite are produced in quantities to be of real importance to industry and other sectors of economy.
Out of these, mica, manganese ore and ilmenite are largely exported. India has, however, adequate resources of industrial clay, steatite, bauxite, chromite, titanium ore etc.


Minerals Where Found
Aluminium Kerala. It is extracted from Bauxite.
Antimony Antimony deposits are found in the Punjab and Karnataka.
Asbestos Karnataka and Rajasthan
Barytes (Barium Sulphate) Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Manbhum and Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand.
Bantonite Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir
Bauxite Ranchi and Palamau districts of Jharkhand, Belgaum, Kharia and Thana districts of Maharashtra; Balaghat, Jabalpur, Mandia and Bilaspur districts of Madhya Pradesh. It is an ore of aluminium.
Beryllium Sands Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Kashmir and Bihar
Cement Katni in M.P., Lakheri in Rajasthan, Jabalpur (M.P.), Guntur (Andhra Pradesh), Jhinkapani (Singhbhum district of Jharkhand), Surajpur (Haryana).
China Clay Rajmahal Hills, Singhbhum district of Bihar, Kerala
Chromite Singhbhum and Bhagalpur (Jharkhand); Ratnagiri, Salem (Tamil Nadu); Karnataka; Keonjhar (Orissa); Ladakh (Kashmir)
Coal Raniganj (West Bengal); Jharia, Giridih, Karanpur (Bihar); Bokaro, (Jharkhand) Panch Valley and Chanda (M.P.); Singareni (Andhra Pradesh) and Mukum (Assam)
Cobalt Rajasthan and Kerala
Copper Jharkhand (Singhbhum and Barajamda); Rajasthan (Khetri)
Corborundum Khasi Hills (Assam); Rewa (M.P.); Salem (Tamil Nadu); Karnataka and Jammu & Kashmir
Diamond Diamond mines are found in Panna district of Madhya Pradesh
Feldspar Burdwan (West Bengal); Rewa (M.P.); Tiruchirapalli (Tamil Nadu); Alwar and Ajmer (Rajasthan)
Fuller’s Earth (soft clay used in soap-making) is found in Rajasthan, M.P. and Karnataka
Gold Kolar gold-fields (Karnataka)
Graphite Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Orissa and Kerala
Gypsum Bikaner and Jodhpur (Rajasthan), Tiruchirapalli (Tamil Nadu), Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh
Heavy Water Talchar in Orissa; Kota in Rajasthan; Baroda in Gujarat; Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu; Nangal in Punjab
Ilmenite Kerala. Occurs in the “Bank Sands” of the beaches near Quilon
Iron Ore Singhbhum (Jharkhand), Keonjhar and  Mayurbhanj (Orissa).
Kaynite largest deposits occur at Kharswan near Jamshedpur, Singhbhum (Bihar)
Lac W. Bengal
Lead Zawar in Udaipur and at the Banjavi mines in Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Lignite Neyveli in South Arcot district (Tamil Nadu)
Limestone Singareni and Singhbhum (Jharkhand), Panchmahal (Gujarat), Balaghat, Bhandara, Chhindwara, Nagpur, Indore, Vishakhapatnam, Sandur (Tamil Nadu)
Manganese Madhya Pradesh
Marble Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Mica Koderma in Hazaribagh district, Monghyr (Bihar), Nellore in Andhra Pradesh
Monazite Sands are found in abundance in Travancore coast (Kerala State). Thorium is processed from Monazite sands.
Nitre Bihar, U.P., Tamil Nadu and Punjab
Petroleum Digboi, Badarpur, Musimpur and Patharia fields of Assam, Cambay basin near Baroda where oilfields have been discovered and production has started. Large-scale drilling for oil is in progress in India in Bombay and Gujarat.
Pitchblende Gaya (Bihar)
Red Stone Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
Salt Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan), and is also obtained from ocean water of Ranns of Kutch, on the north-western and south-eastern littoral (sea-shore) of India.
Saltpetre Punjab, U.P. and Bihar
Silmanite Khasi Hills (Assam); Rewa (M.P.). Silmanite is used in the manufacture of furnace-lining in iron and steel industry. It is also used in glass and ceramic industry
Silver Karnataka; Singhbhum and Manbhum (Jharkhand); Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan
Steatite Guntur (Andhra Pradesh), Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, U.P., Karnataka and Rajasthan
Tin (Bihar) Hazaribagh district
Thorium (Processed from monazite sand) Travancore (Kerala)
Tungsten Bihar, Nagpur (Maharashtra) and Marwar
Uranium Bihar
Zinc from Zawar mines in Udaipur (Rajasthan)
Zircon found in the beach sands of Kerala and Cape Comorin

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